tv Live and Let Drive CSPAN June 3, 2017 2:44pm-2:52pm EDT
hours with the number one grand prize studentcam winner. if you missed any of these, we will re-air them tonight starting at 11:10 p.m. eastern time. 2017 winningthe videos from c-span's studentcam contest. students at milan high school. their documentary on autonomous vehicles is entitled "live and let drive." take a look. ♪
>> there are approximately 16 million auto accidents in the united states every year, costing the economy over $250 billion. traffic accidents accounted for the deaths of over 38,000 citizens in 2016. this is a problem self-driving cars can fix. 94% of traffic accidents are caused by human error. this explains the push of companies like gm, ford, and mercedes-benz toward autonomous vehicle technology. but, how do they work? and lightar act as the eyes of the vehicle. they easily identify things like stoplights and pedestrians.
but, they have problem with things like weather and depth. they send out electro magnetic waves to measure reflection. to surround the vehicle and to determine if there's anything in the vehicles have. lightar systems are mounted on the roof, spinning at high waves. they currently cost upwards of $70,000 per unit. these three systems give autonomous vehicles an accurate view of the world around them. >> connected and autonomous are sort of being developed in parallel. you will start to hear more about connected vehicles because that is the ultimate implementation. >> it is the brain. imagine in internet system -- an internet server working with other internet systems. it receives and fills request. as you add more devices, it
becomes increasingly complicated. >> how does it manage all of this data? >> it broadcasts to vehicles in the immediate area. for example, if my car is breaking rapidly, only vehicles within 200 feet need to know. however, if there is a car n accident blocking the interstate, vehicles as far away as 50 miles need to know. >> the university of michigan has created the autonomous vehicle testing city. that's facility -- autonomous vehicle testing facility. >> the reaction times is so fast and everything is so fast and they are always watching. even if you do hit the pedestrian, maybe you hit them going one mile or two miles an hour. the impact is drastically reduced. >> they try to avoid it. why? because they always drive the speed limit.
>> the landscape of driving can really change through a computerized network. you no longer need to stop at intersection. you can cut your starting and stopping by 75%. you should get a massive increase in fuel efficiency. think of it as a system of bumbs, bends, which take time away from your day. this is far more efficient. all of these methods are great but people still may be uncomfortable with autonomous vehicles. >> some people feel they are in a death trap. they don't trust this computer to do the driving. others do not think there is anything with them but they really have to give up control. >> baby boomers are ever-conscious of the muscle cars they grew up with. they like that tactile feeling of grew up with. -- they like that tactile
feeling of being in control. >> and there is a new risk, cyber security. >> you did not say the magic word. >> it is a terrifying experience to have someone take control of computer on wheel. -- on wheels. >> this man's experience with hackers is both frightening and foreboding for the future. if hackers can take control of the vehicle, people in cars and in the community are at risk. >> you bring traffic to a halt. cars are just stopped. >> if you want to make a change of calibration from a different module, you have to have the right code to do it.
if you are just hooked up by your computer, you can break into it. >> if you get a signal that says i am going 180 miles an hour but other cars are looking at you and say, i do not believe you. this is what you said, this is what you do. you can use those to detect rogue users or fake uses. >> at this point in time, we do not have specific regulations. we are leaving that to the regulators sent to the private sector. >> i have been in automotive for 23 years. all of a sudden, we have these autonomous-type driving systems and vehicles. we want to make sure we don't move so fast --
>> we ask the president to get involved. this beat of integration is largely dependent on public opinion and the trust in the technology -- the speed of integration. this relaxed regulatory stance encourages innovation, however it will likely turn opinion against the technology and setback large-scale implementation many years. congress should work hard to turn that 90% error to zero. dear mr. president, work with congress to prevent 60 million accidents, $250 billion in accidents and over 38,000 deaths every year. >> to watch all of the prize-winning documentaries in this year's studentcam competition, visit studentcam.org. ♪ >>